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The ASEAN Journal of Education ASEAN Journal of Education

Influence of Thai-English Bilingual Writing System Rules to Learning Chinese Characters


Nathakarn Thaveewatanaseth, Xin Jiang,


Abstract

We examined whether Thai-English bilingual writing system rules make an impact on learning Chinese characters. The 80 participants have acquired both Thai and English language. This paper was designed based on a 2×2×4 design: three factors by which the Thai-Chinese similar script to visual form, English-Chinese similar script to visual form; high and low frequency of Chinese characters and four groups of difference Chinese levels. They used an Anoto digital pen to complete the copy Chinese characters test. This digital pen has the function of recording dynamic writing stroke order information. The information that this pen recorded, had been counted through the playback technology. Under the Thai-Chinese script similar to visual form, but writing rules difference condition, Thai language writing system rules have shown negative transfer, when the Chinese character was high frequency, the degree of influence of Thai language writing rules showed fall-rise-fall fluctuations with improvement of the Chinese level, but when the Chinese character was low frequency, the degree of Thai language writing rules showed a steady state of improvement of the Chinese level; Under the English-Chinese font similar to visual form, and the same writing rules condition, English language writing system rules have shown positive transfer, the degree of influence was not inflected by high-low frequency of Chinese characters and Chinese level. Finally, teaching suggestions are put forward based on the above conclusion.

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Key words: Thai student, stroke order, transfer, psychological language similarities
     
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